About 70 leaders and experts from seven countries met to deliberate on ways to domesticate the Africa Mining Vision (AMV) in Tanzania.
Held on 09thand 10thMay, 2019, in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, the forum included governmental, private sector, and civil society representatives from Tanzania, Botswana, Nigeria, Kenya, Ghana, Uganda, and Lesotho.
The forum was organised by UONGOZI Institute, the Ministry of Minerals and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). It sought to address the extent to which policies and the regulatory regime in the Tanzania’s mineral sector are aligned with the AMV principles, and propose the roadmap and strategy for formulating a Country Mining Vision (CMV).
During his keynote address, Hon. Doto Mashaka Biteko (MP), Minister for Minerals underscored why the Government of Tanzania (GoT) wishes to enhance the competitiveness of the mining sector.
He said, “Tanzania is well endowed with mineral resources, which can contribute to socio-economic development of the country.”
“The contribution can be in terms of job creation, inclusive development, participation of local community across gender to ensure proportionate share of the benefits; inter-linkage of the sector with other sectors of the economy, increased exports, as well as contribution to GDP,” he added.
Minister Biteko highlighted two policy concerns that need to be addressed to fulfil this wish: local content and stakeholders’ capacity to support critical development in the sector.
He went on to note the percentage growth of mining and quarrying activities (17.5%) as well as mineral exports (14.2%), whilst remaining mindful of the challenges that still exist in the sector. He added that even though the percentage growth yields a good contribution, it remains unsatisfactory.
In concluding his address, Minister Biteko stated that in order for Tanzania to successfully domesticate the AMV, commitment from all key actors is required. He conveyed his gratitude to the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa and African Minerals Development Centre for propagating the AMV; and UONGOZI Institute and UNDP for supporting domestication processes.
On her part, Ms. Natalie Boucly, UNDP Resident Representative a.i., stated that UNDP is committed in collaborating with the GoT to strengthen the capacity in governing the extractive sector.
“Since 2014, in collaboration with the GoT and various partners, we have implemented several activities, mainly on creating awareness on AMV, building capacity in negotiating extractive contracts, and studies to analyse gaps in AMV domestication and examine the mineral value,” she said.
Ms. Boucly further touched on a study called “Gap Analysis of Africa Mining Vision in Tanzania”, which was conducted by UNDP and UONGOZI Institute to analyse AMV integration gaps in the country.
She said, “The study’s objective was to review the existing legal and policy frameworks related to minerals and hydro-carbon, and propose a realistic roadmap that aligns with the AMV.”
She further stated that the overall findings of the study show that Tanzania’s performance in implementing the AMV principles is medium, indicating that the country is somehow on good track in domesticating the AMV.
Ms. Boucly commended the GoT for undertaking key reforms, some of which are consistent with the AMV principles. She added that findings from the study and take aways from the forum will contribute to the interventions of supporting the GoT to govern the extractive sector.
In his remarks, Prof. Joseph Semboja, UONGOZI Institute’s CEO, shared what the Institute believes on domesticating the AMV.
“We believe that embracing the AMV principles will maximise the benefits from the extractive sector and boost the country’s economy,” he stated.
He mentioned with optimism that a rich mix of expertise and experience in the room will produce results that will assist Tanzania and other African Governments to move forward their agenda for ensuring that the extractive sector contributes to the socio-economic transformation.
The AMV is a continental vision adopted by African Heads of State and Governments in February, 2009 under the auspices of the African Union – to provide guidelines to African countries on how to manage mining sector in order to achieve the desired socio-economic transformation. The main objective of the AMV is to shift away from the current and dominant ‘resource-for-development’ model towards one that may bring about the structural transformation of African economies by using mineral resources to catalyse broad-based and inclusive growth and development. Since its adoption, some African countries have made progress in domesticating this initiative by establishing CMVs that embrace the aspirations and guidelines of the AMV.