Research Studies

The link between public debt and public investment in Tanzania

Public debt & public investment
Authored by: Maureen Were & Lorah Madete
This study investigates the relationship between public debt and investment in Tanzania. The empirical analysis is conducted using the autoregressive distributed lag estimation approach – based on data from the period 1976 to 2020.

Realising the blue economy in Zanzibar: Potentials, opportunities and challenges

Blue economy paper_Joseph Semboja
Authored by: Joseph Semboja
This paper reviews the concept of blue economy, how it relates to Zanzibar and how to take advantage of the development opportunities it provides. It identifies the strengths of the blue economy and the opportunities available, and how these may be utilised to address development challenges and maximise societal benefits.

Effectiveness of strategic environmental assessment in promoting sustainable development in Tanzania

Environmental assessment_Alfred & Qamara
Authored by: Emanoel Alfred & Joseph Qamara
This paper examines the extent to which strategic environmental assessment (SEA) is implemented in Tanzania and whether its implementation is in line with generally practised procedures/criteria.

Gender differences in formal wage employment in urban Tanzania

Gender differences in formal wage_Opoku et al.
Authored by: Kwadwo Opoku, Francisco M.P. Mugizi & Emmanuel Adu Boahen
This study uses the latest Tanzania labour force survey (the Integrated Labour Force Survey) and a censored bivariate probit model to analyse gender differences in labour force participation and gender bias in formal wage employment in urban Tanzania.

Gender disparities in financial inclusion in Tanzania

Authored by: Maureen Were, Maureen Odongo & Caroline Israel
This paper provides an in-depth analysis of gender disparities in financial inclusion in Tanzania, using indicators that encompass access to and use of traditional bank-based and digital financial services, particularly mobile money services.

Trade effects of the East African Customs Union in Tanzania

Authored by: Vincent Leyaro
By measuring the effects of forming and joining a regional integration bloc using an augmented structural gravity model, this study finds that the East African Community (EAC) and EAC Customs Union (EAC-CU) have significantly enhanced Tanzanian trade into EAC markets.

Towards sustainable livelihoods in the Tanzanian informal economy

Authored by: Ilona Steiler & Chediel Nyirenda
This paper focuses on the conduciveness of government policies to achieving sustainable livelihoods for Tanzanian street vendors and efforts to enhance their inclusion, organisation and rights.

Assessing the distributional impact of lowering the value-added tax rate for standard-rated items in Tanzania and options for recouping revenue losses

Authored by: Elineema Kisanga, Vincent Leyaro, Wahabi Matengo, Michael Nobel, Helen Barnes & Gemma Wright
Value-added tax (VAT) is an important revenue stream in low-income countries. This paper explores the distributional impact of lowering the VAT rate for standard-rated items in Mainland Tanzania, using a static tax-benefit microsimulation model – TAZMOD.

Constraints on the performance and competitiveness of Tanzania’s manufacturing

Authored by: Roseline Misati & Kethi Ngoka
This study investigates the main constraints to manufacturing export competitiveness in Tanzania. Using panel data for the period 1997–2018, it establishes that supply-side factors dominate demand-side factors in explaining manufacturing export competitiveness.